RFID application in animal husbandry
Since 2003, China has begun to apply advanced RFID radio frequency identification technology to modern pig slaughtering and processing enterprises, and developed a real-time production monitoring and management system for RFID pig slaughter. The system can monitor the whole process of production in real time, and collect relevant data of key production processes, sanitary inspection and quarantine, etc. automatically, in real time and accurately, and meet the HACCP quality supervision requirements. In addition, the government supervision department can effectively monitor the quality and safety of products, timely track and trace the source and flow of problem products, and regulate the production operation process of meat food enterprises, thereby effectively improving the quality and safety of meat products.
System application points
The application of RFID technology in the animal husbandry industry mainly has two aspects, one is to establish a livestock management system for animal fine breeding, and the other is to establish an animal tracking management system. At present, the safety of beef products has become a key factor in the beef supply chain. In view of this, more than 20 countries and regions around the world use RFID technology to track and trace the food production process, and have achieved good results. The RFID-based beef tracking system identifies and interconnects management objects in the supply chain of cattle growth, beef processing, storage, and retail, and then displays these labels in bar code and manually readable. Once a beef product has health and safety issues, it can be traced through these signs, accurately narrowing the scope of the safety problem, identifying the problem, the location of the relevant origin, the slaughter or processing facility, or even a single cow. This will block the supply of goods from these places into the market and then conduct effective governance.
Main application functions of the system
1 Installing an electronic ID card for cattle
The first step in RFID-based cattle farming and tracking is to install an electronic ID card on the cow to create a permanent digital file for each cow that uniquely identifies each cow’s attributes. The basic methods for installing electronic labels in animals include: collar, ear tag, injectable and pill electronic tags.
2 RFID-based cattle farm management system
Write livestock information into the chip, including: animal owner – owner name, gender, livestock, characteristics, immunity, vaccine type, manufacturer, production batch number, inoculation method, inoculation dose, immunization amount, and immunization name The owner needs a handheld data collector and can obtain information about the livestock.
The specific operation process is: in the daily management of animal husbandry, the animal owner only needs to carry a wireless handheld terminal to read the animal ear tag to be followed, and the relevant information of the animal can be displayed on the hand-held terminal. The owner can feel this information to deal with his daily diet, medical history, birth history, and immune records. Quick and easy, saving a lot of time. It is not necessary to look up the original acquisition for the archival card. At the same time, the livestock file can be created in the background computer after the data transmission. Record the details of each animal through a computer professional. Don’t worry about ambiguous records or lost file cards. At the same time, the department and relevant leaders can instantly check the status of any pasture, bar and livestock through the network to achieve information transparency.
3 RFID-based dairy cow precision feeding subsystem
The micro-culture digitalization is based on the database system. In the distributed network environment, the data acquisition and update, the data storage and management, the information extraction and analysis of each business unit user are realized, and the basic data is formed through the digital agricultural basic data warehouse mechanism. Sharing and information mining. The knowledge and experience of fine farming experts are abstracted, data models are established to guide dairy farming, and the model is adjusted using feedback generated in farming practices.
The logical structure of the digital system for dairy cattle breeding is divided into three layers: data layer, service layer and application layer. The data layer consists of a database of digital agricultural basic data warehouses (including meta-databases, image databases, integrated feed nutrient databases), sensor information bases (including wireless RF sensor data, video surveillance data, etc.), and expert model libraries. The service layer is composed of a digital agricultural fine breeding support platform and an information sharing and exchange platform, including a computer network system, a communication system, a monitoring system, a display system, and an operating system. The application layer mainly includes various application systems, and calls the database server information and services as a client.
4 RFID-based meat tracking system
RFID technology can be applied to the whole process of animal husbandry food production, including breeding, epidemic sterilization, product processing, food circulation, etc., fully introducing standardized technical regulations and quality control measures, and establishing a “farm to table” food supply. Chain tracking and traceability system.RFID glass tags can help you.
1. The government takes the lead in building a meat food supervision platform to achieve information access and sharing among affiliates and departments in the supply chain, and to achieve end-to-end monitoring from the production source to the retail chain.
2. The cattle breeding process, through RFID technology and supporting means to achieve full feeding tracking, to achieve integration with the back-end livestock production management system, and to achieve the docking with the industry’s competent department of animal husbandry quarantine inspection system, at the same time, the relevant information input meat Food-based regulatory platform.
3. In the beef transportation process, the port crossing monitoring system is deployed on different transportation nodes through RFID technology and supporting means to monitor the entire transportation process, and provide activities such as quarantine inspection and transportation disinfection of pigs. At the same time, relevant information is input into meat food. Regulatory platform.
4. The cattle slaughtering process will verify and confirm the health status of the cattle through RFID technology and supporting means, integrate the back-end management system of the slaughterhouse, and input relevant information into the meat food supervision platform.
5. Beef processing, through RFID technology, with bar code technology to achieve the correlation between cattle information and beef information, at the same time, the relevant information into the meat food regulatory platform.
6. In the wholesale and retail of beef, RFID technology accelerates the efficiency of logistics links, traces the source information through bar code technology, strengthens its market transaction management, and at the same time, inputs relevant information into the meat food supervision platform.
4 Advantages of RFID technology in the livestock industry
Electronic identity management has been used in Europe and the United States for several years and has become a technology showcase. In addition to the application of automatic dispensing and production statistics in the enterprise, it can also be used for animal identification, disease monitoring, quality control and tracking of animal species. The advantages of RFID technology in the livestock industry are as follows:
Non-contact automatic reading, data acquisition method is effective in real time
RFID technology uses non-contact radio frequency identification to collect and systematically manage data stored in animal ear tags or electronic markers in the body. It is an extremely effective management method for mastering animal health and controlling animal epidemics.
Waterproof, can be applied to animal bodies
Low-frequency labels allow you to penetrate water and animal bodies, and are insensitive to water and metals. Whether the label is placed in an animal or placed on a cow’s ear, it can be read quickly and easily.
The number is unique, not easy to forge, easy to manage
When the animal is born, the electronic identification is placed in the earlobe or body of the animal, and the electronic identification is used once, uniformly numbered, and the number is unique. Through the traceable management of dairy cows, precision feeding, increase the ratio of feed to milk; at the same time, health warning and milk quality monitoring, improve the quality of milk production, and greatly increase the economic benefits of enterprises.
Combined with information technology, it is beneficial to track management
Through the supporting software management program, the growth cycle of the whole process is monitored. If it is stocked in a non-polluting natural environment, whether the index of water, soil, air, etc. is up to standard, the use of veterinary drugs and additives, whether the feed has been contaminated with pesticides or residual additives, and record the stocking in the pasture at different times. And important information such as epidemic prevention and health status. When the food animal meets the standard for slaughter, the slaughterhouse will strictly check the animal’s “quality file”, and only after strict inspection can be slaughtered, and the “file” will be archived for future “quality traceability”.
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